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Tác giả Bilingo Học tiếng anh online 2
Ngày đăng 03/ 12/ 2022
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One of the most difficult social situations – for both native and non-native English
speakers – is knowing what to say when someone tells you a piece of bad news. In
today’s lesson, you’ll learn phrases for handling these conversations with sensitivity.
Conversation #1 – Bad News
|TIẾNG ANH||TIẾNG VIỆT|
|Gina: Hey Peter. What’s the matter? You look kind of upset.
Peter: Eh, I’ve just been having a rough time lately.
Gina: Oh, I’m sorry to hear that. What’s going on?
Peter: Well, I’ve had to work overtime every day for the past two weeks. I don’t leave the office until 10 PM.
Gina: Aw, you must be exhausted.
Peter: Yeah, and my car broke down on Tuesday, so I have to take the bus – meaning I don’t get home until midnight.
Gina: That’s awful! When will your car be fixed?
Peter: The problem is I don’t have the money to repair it. I’m barely able to pay my rent as it is, so I have no cash for extra expenses.
Gina: Oh no... that must be stressful.
Peter: And to top it off, my girlfriend and I had a big fight last night... I’m not sure if we’re going to stay together.
Gina: Wow. I really hope things get better soon. Is there anything I can do to help?
Peter: Not really... but thanks for asking.
Gina: OK. I’m here for you if you need anything.
Gina: Này Peter. Có chuyện gì vậy? Bạn trông có vẻ khó chịu.
Conversation Vocabulary & Phrases
If you can see that somebody is sad or upset, you can use one of these phrases to express your concern and ask for more information:
If the other person gives one of these responses:
...this means you shouldn’t ask any more questions! However, in the conversation above, Peter does talk about various problems – too much work, too little money, a broken-down car, and a fight with his girlfriend. Here are some phrases to use for responding to these types of bad news:
Use “that’s...” or “that must be...” for current situations, and “that must have been...” for situations or events in the past.
You can also offer your help and/or emotional support:
This expression is usually used when someone is going through a more serious difficult period in life, or a difficult situation that is ongoing.
If you’re the one who is sad, you can use these phrases to thank the other person for
Conversation #2 – Serious Bad News
|TIẾNG ANH||TIẾNG VIỆT|
|In English, we have specific phrases for reacting to bad news that is more serious – for example, when someone is diagnosed with a disease, or when someone has passed away (that’s an indirect way to say “died”). Listen to this conversation to learn what to say:
John: Becky... are you all right?
Becky: Not really, no... I just found out that my grandfather passed away.
John: Oh... I’m so sorry for your loss.
Becky: Thanks... I’m flying to Miami for the funeral tomorrow.
John: It must be a really hard time for you and your family.
Becky: Nobody expected it – he wasn’t even sick, he just had a sudden heart attack - so it was really a shock.
John: I can imagine... I’m sure he will be greatly missed.
Becky: Holidays just won’t be the same without him, you know?
John: Yeah, it’s not easy to lose someone you love. Your family will be in my thoughts.
Becky: Thanks, John.
Trong tiếng Anh, chúng tôi có các cụm từ cụ thể để phản ứng với những tin xấu nghiêm trọng hơn – ví dụ: khi ai đó được chẩn đoán mắc bệnh hoặc khi ai đó đã qua đời (đó là cách gián tiếp để nói “chết”). Hãy nghe đoạn hội thoại này để biết phải nói gì:
Conversation Vocabulary & Phrases
John says several things which are typically used in reacting to news of a death:
If you are religious, you can say “in my prayers.”
There are a few things NOT to say, because they are considered rude or insensitive in English:
The person might share this detail if they want to – but don’t ask about it specifically.
Although you might be able to understand their feelings, it’s considered insensitive to change the focus of the conversation to YOUR experience.
Not everybody shares the same religious beliefs, so it’s best not to comment on what happens after a person dies.
If you knew the person who died, it’s nice to share one of your good memories about that person:
Sometimes you might not have a conversation with a person who has had a death in the family, but you can write them a letter, card, or e-mail expressing your condolences. Here are some additional phrases to use in writing:
I hope this lesson has helped you become more confident in your ability to say the right thing when responding to bad news! Now take the quiz to practice the phrases you learned today.
Quiz – Lesson 28
1) What's the __________?
2) Are you _______?
A. all right
3) I'm so sorry to ________ that
4) That _____ be difficult.
5) That's _______!
6) Thanks for your _________.
7) I'm so sorry for your _______.
8) I'm sure he will be greatly ________.
9) It must be a really ________ for you.
A. bad luck
B. hard time
C. sad period
10) One of my fondest _________ of him is when he took me to a baseball game.
11) I was _______ saddened to hear about your mother's passing.
12) My _________ are with you in this time of sorrow.
Lesson 28 Quiz – Answers
1.B 2.A 3.A 4.B 5.B 6.C
7.C 8.B 9.B 10.B 11.A 12.C
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