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Tác giả Bilingo Học tiếng anh online 2
Ngày đăng 19/ 11/ 2022
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Welcome to Lesson 13 of the Everyday English Speaking Course! Today you’re going to learn phrases for not feeling well, and how to talk to a doctor about health problems and treatments.
Conversation #1 – Not feeling well
Dave: Hey Paula. Are you OK?
Paula: I’m a little under the weather. I woke up with a sore throat and a runny nose.
Dave: Are you running a fever?
Paula: I don’t think so... it’s probably my allergies acting up. I’m also starting to get a headache.
Dave: Well, make sure you get some rest.
Paula: Yeah, I’m gonna try to take it easy today. ACHOO!
Dave: Bless you. Here’s a tissue.
Conversation Vocabulary & Phrases
To say you’re feeling sick, you can use these phrases. Say the first two if you are only a little bit sick, and say the second two if you are VERY sick.
Here’s some vocabulary for specific health problems:
coughing, sneezing, having a fever, and blowing your nose
(when someone sneezes, you can say “Bless you!”)
(this means your body temperature is hotter than normal)
(stuffed up = your nose is blocked, you can’t breathe) : NGẠT MŨI
(runny nose = mucus is dripping out of your nose) : CHẢY NƯỚC MŨI
These problems might indicate you have a cold or allergies. What’s the difference? Allergies are your body’s reaction to some external substance – for example, some people are allergic to cats, dogs, dust, or perfume. A cold is a viral infection of the respiratory system that you can catch from another person.
There is also a more serious disease called the flu. If you have the flu, you’ll most likely have a fever, a sore throat, a headache, coughing, and fatigue (that means you’re tired).
For problems with specific parts of your body, you can say:
For all other parts of the body, you can simply say, “My ______ hurts” – for example:
A more extreme way to talk about intense pain is to say “My ___________ is killing me”:
This is simply a way to exaggerate the pain; it doesn’t mean that you are literally dying.
Finally, here are some phrases you can say to someone who’s not feeling well:
o a tissue?
o some aspirin?”
Conversation #2 – At the pharmacy
|TIẾNG ANH||TIẾNG VIỆT|
|Jane isn’t feeling well, so she goes to the pharmacy (or drugstore) to buy some things.
Jane: Excuse me – where can I find the aspirin?
Employee: It’s on aisle seven, near the cough syrup.
Jane: Thanks. And do you carry eye drops?
Employee: Yes – check the shelves next to the prescription center.
Jane: OK. While I’m here, I might as well pick up another bottle of moisturizer.
Employee: You’ll find that in the cosmetics section.
Jane: Thanks for your help.
Jane cảm thấy không được khỏe, vì vậy cô ấy đến hiệu thuốc (hoặc hiệu thuốc) để mua một số thứ.
This conversation mentions four items you can find at the pharmacy – aspirin, cough syrup, eye drops, and moisturizer.
Aspirin is medicine you take for headaches and general muscle pain. There’s a different type of medicine you can take to help clear a stuffy nose – that’s called decongestant. For constipation, you can take a medicine called a laxative.
Pharmacies also often have vitamins as well as prescription medication – that’s strong medicine that you can’t buy unless you have a note from a doctor.
To help relieve coughing or a sore throat, you can take cough syrup. There are also cough drops, which have the same medicine in the form of a hard candy.
Eye drops are used to soothe red, irritated, or itchy eyes.
And moisturizer (which is also called lotion) is a cream that you can apply to dry skin, to make it more hydrated.
At the pharmacy, you can also get band-aids or bandages (to cover and protect small cuts).
Most pharmacies also carry items for sexual and reproductive health, such as condoms and pregnancy tests.
If you are a woman, and you’re menstruating (in English we have a different expression for this – we usually say “I’m on my period”) – you’ll need pads or sanitary napkins (that’s external protection) or tampons (that’s internal protection).
Finally, you can buy personal care items like tweezers or nail clippers at the pharmacy. A nail clipper is what you use to cut your nails, and a nail file is what you use to smooth out any rough edges. nail clipper and tweezers
Conversation #3 – Seeing a Doctor
|TIẾNG ANH||TIẾNG VIỆT|
Steve: Hi, I’d like to see a doctor.
Doctor: Good afternoon, Mr. Jones. What seems to be the problem?
Steve: What’s the treatment?
Steve: Xin chào, tôi muốn gặp bác sĩ.
Bác sĩ: Xin chào, ông Jones. Hình như có vấn đề gì thì phải?
Steve: Cách điều trị là gì?
Conversation Vocabulary & Phrases
When you go to a doctor’s office or a health clinic, the receptionist might ask you if you have an appointment – that is, if you called before to schedule a time to see the doctor. It’s OK if you don’t, but you might have to wait some time in the waiting room.
The receptionist might also ask if you have insurance - that is, a health plan that will pay for your medical treatments. If you have a health insurance plan, you can give the receptionist your card. If you don’t have one, then you will need to pay for the treatment yourself.
The doctor will probably ask you these questions:
Here are some new words and phrases that you can use to talk to the doctor. These phrases are organized by the part of the body affected by the problem.
Head, Eyes, Nose, Mouth, and Throat
“I’m feeling lightheaded.”
= This means you feel dizzy, like you might lose consciousness.
“I have a throbbing headache.” = The word “throbbing” means that there are
moments of very intense pain alternated with moments of less pain.
“I have a nosebleed.”
= when blood is coming out of your nose.
“I’m having trouble breathing / sleeping / swallowing.”
You can use the phrase “I’m having trouble ________” to say that you’re having difficulty with normal bodily functions like breathing, sleeping, or swallowing.
Stomach & Digestion
“I have an upset stomach. / I feel nauseous.”
= my stomach is agitated and I might vomit.
“I’m constipated. / I’m having trouble moving my bowels.”
= my digestion is blocked and I can’t poop.
“I have the runs.”
= I have diarrhea.
Muscles & Bones
“I think my arm is broken.”
= You can say this if you think you’ve broken a bone.
“My joints are aching.” = Your “joints” are the points where two bones make contact and you can move – for example, your knees, elbows, and wrists are all joints. If you say “my joints are aching” it means that your joints are hurting.
“I twisted my ankle.” = Your ankle is the joint between your foot and your leg.
If you “twist” your ankle, it means that your ankle was turned in a way that it now hurts.
“I dislocated my shoulder.”
= The word “dislocated” means that the bone is out of its correct place.
“My wrist is swollen.” = Your wrist is the joint between your hand and your arm. If you say a part of your body is “swollen,” it means that it is larger than normal because it has filled up with fluid under the skin.
“I pulled a muscle.” = This means you extended a muscle farther than normal, and now it is injured. This is a common injury in sports.
“I have a rash.”
= A “rash” is an unusual mark on your skin (rashes are often red)
“I have a bruise.”
= A “bruise” is when your skin turns blue or purple after a violent impact.
“I burned myself.”
= A “burn” is when your skin is injured by heat or fire.
“I cut myself.”
= A “cut” is an injury from a knife or scissors – or another sharp edge.
“I was bitten by an animal. / I was stung by an insect.”
Finally, to ask the doctor about the solution to your health problem, you can use the phrase “What’s the treatment?” If the doctor says you’ll need some medicine, you can ask “Do I need a prescription?” to find out if you will need an official note from the doctor in order to buy the medicine.
“You’re going to need stitches.”
= closing the cut with thread
“I’m going to put your leg in a cast and give you some crutches.” The
“cast” is the hard white covering around the leg.
“Crutches” are the two supports that help you to walk.
“I’m going to put your arm in a sling.”
“You’re going to need surgery” / “You’re going to need an operation”
The type of doctor who does operations is called a “surgeon.”
“I’m going to give you an injection” / “I’m going to give you a shot”
In this context, “shot” is another word for “injection.”
“We’ll need to take an X-ray.”
An X-ray can see problems with your bones.
“We’ll need to take a blood / urine sample and run some tests.”
Tests are done in a laboratory, and the results help the doctor to diagnose the problem
(that means to identify the problem)
“You’ll need to see a specialist. I’m going to refer you to Dr. Smith.”
A specialist is a doctor who knows a lot about one specific area – for example, an eye specialist or a heart specialist. The first doctor can give you a referral to the specialist – that means he or she gives you the information for the other doctor, so that you can make an appointment there.