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Tác giả Bilingo Học tiếng anh online 2
Ngày đăng 15/ 12/ 2022
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Angela and Nancy are coworkers. Listen to them chat about their weekends and pay special attention to the phrases in blue.
Angela: Hey Nancy! How was your weekend?
Nancy: Could’ve been better. I took the twins to the museum, and they were bored to tears. Then I took them to get ice cream afterwards, and one of my sons had a fit when he got chocolate sauce on his shirt. By the time we got home, I was at my wits’ end.
Angela: Yeah, kids definitely make you want to tear your hair out sometimes. One time my youngest son got all bent out of shape because he wanted soda and I wouldn’t let him have any. He threw a temper tantrum right there in the restaurant.
Nancy: The problem is that on days like that, even when I manage to avoid flying off the handle and screaming at my kids... if my husband does something the slightest bit annoying, I lose my cool and nearly bite his head off!
Angela: Everyone has bad days – it’s normal when your kids are little. Now that mine are older, they don’t try my patience nearly as much.
Nancy: You guys went to the amusement park on Saturday, didn’t you? How was that?
Angela: Oh, it was fantastic! My girls were awake at 6 AM, raring to go. They had the time of their lives – by the end of the day, they were smiling ear to ear.
Nancy: That’s great! We’re going to go to the circus next month – we went last year and loved every minute of it. Actually I think my kids are most looking forward to eating all the sweets – give them some cotton candy and they’re on cloud nine.
Angela: How’s your daughter doing in school? You had mentioned she was having a few problems making friends.
Nancy: Yes, she was, but now that she’s joined the gymnastics club she’s starting to come out of her shell. They have practice three times a week after school, and she always comes home in high spirits. Actually, she just qualified for the state competition – when she found out, she was jumping for joy!
Angela: Wonderful! Well, I wish her luck.
Angela và Nancy là đồng nghiệp. Lắng nghe họ trò chuyện về những ngày cuối tuần của họ và đặc biệt chú ý đến các cụm từ màu xanh lam.
Angela: Này Nancy! Cuối tuần của bạn như thế nào?
Nancy: Có thể tốt hơn. Tôi đưa cặp song sinh đến viện bảo tàng, và chúng chán đến phát khóc. Sau đó, tôi đưa chúng đi ăn kem sau đó, và một trong những đứa con trai của tôi đã lên cơn khi bị sốt sô cô la dính vào áo. Khi chúng tôi về đến nhà, tôi đã hoàn toàn mất trí.
Angela: Vâng, đôi khi trẻ con chắc chắn khiến bạn muốn bứt tóc ra ( TỨC GIẬN ). Một lần, con trai út của tôi uốn éo vì nó muốn uống soda và tôi không cho nó uống. Anh ta nổi cơn tam bành ngay trong nhà hàng.
Nancy: Vấn đề là vào những ngày như thế, ngay cả khi tôi cố gắng tránh mất kiểm soát và la hét với lũ trẻ... nếu chồng tôi làm điều gì đó hơi khó chịu một chút, tôi sẽ mất bình tĩnh và suýt nữa cắn đứt đầu anh ấy! ( TỨC GIẬN VÀ PHẢN KHÁNG LẠI )
Angela: Mọi người đều có những ngày tồi tệ – đó là điều bình thường khi con bạn còn nhỏ. Bây giờ tôi đã lớn tuổi hơn, họ không thử thách sự kiên nhẫn của tôi nhiều như vậy.
Nancy: Các bạn đã đến công viên giải trí vào thứ bảy phải không? Nó thế nào?
Angela: Ồ, nó thật tuyệt vời! Các cô gái của tôi đã thức dậy lúc 6 giờ sáng, chuẩn bị đi. Họ đã có thời gian của cuộc đời mình – đến cuối ngày, họ đã cười đến tận mang tai.
Nancy: Thật tuyệt! Chúng tôi sẽ đi xem xiếc vào tháng tới – chúng tôi đã đi xem vào năm ngoái và yêu thích từng phút giây ở đó. Trên thực tế, tôi nghĩ rằng những đứa trẻ của tôi mong chờ nhất là được ăn tất cả đồ ngọt – hãy cho chúng một ít kẹo bông gòn và chúng sẽ bay bổng trên chín tầng mây. ( QUÁ VUI SƯỚNG )
Angela: Con gái bạn học ở trường thế nào? Bạn đã đề cập rằng cô ấy đang gặp một số vấn đề trong việc kết bạn.
Nancy: Đúng, cô ấy đã từng như vậy, nhưng bây giờ cô ấy đã tham gia câu lạc bộ thể dục dụng cụ, cô ấy bắt đầu thoát ra khỏi vỏ bọc của mình. Họ luyện tập ba lần một tuần sau giờ học, và cô ấy luôn về nhà với tinh thần phấn chấn. Trên thực tế, cô ấy vừa đủ điều kiện tham gia cuộc thi cấp bang – khi biết được điều đó, cô ấy đã nhảy cẫng lên vì sung sướng!
Angela: Tuyệt vời! Vâng, tôi chúc cô ấy may mắn.
Conversation Vocabulary & Phrases
What do all the expressions in blue have in common? They’re idiomatic expressions. Idioms are small phrases that often have a different meaning than their individual words.
Although idioms are not usually used in more formal written English, they are extremely common in spoken English – and we have a number of idioms to describe feelings and emotions – these can be more interesting and descriptive than simply saying “happy,” “sad,” “excited” or “angry.”
Take a moment to read over the conversation again and try to identify the emotion in each expression. Then continue reading the lesson to learn these phrases and many others.
Idioms for Positive Emotions
Happiness & Cheerfulness ( VUI VẺ , HẠNH PHÚC )
All of these idioms mean that someone is VERY happy! These typically describe a temporary state of extreme happiness because something wonderful has happened (not someone who has a happy personality in general).
These idioms mean that you are pleased; some event has given you a feeling of pleasure. These are not as strong as the previous idioms.
These expressions describe the happy expression on someone’s face.
This expression describes someone who is in a good mood.
Excitement & Enjoyment ( THÍCH THÚ )
The expression “raring to go” means very excited to do something. It does not necessarily mean going somewhere – you can arrive at a dance lesson “raring to go” – meaning you are very excited and eager to start.
All of these expressions mean you are excited about something in the future. With pumped/psyched, you can use the prepositions for/to to continue the sentence: “I’m pumped for the concert! / I’m pumped to go to the concert!” With “I can’t wait,” you can use for, to, or until: “I can’t wait for summer vacation!” “I can’t wait until Christmas!” “I can’t wait to tell you about my trip!”
These idioms are used for enjoying an experience or activity.
This expression is also used for an experience that was so good, every minute was enjoyable; there were no bad moments.
Other Good Feelings
This idiom is used for relief – when something that was worrying you is resolved.
This means you feel great, physically – you feel healthy and full of energy.
This expression means something was very meaningful – important emotionally – for you.
This means that a shy or timid person is starting to become more sociable.
This phrase is used to forgive someone and tell them you aren’t angry or annoyed.
Idioms for Negative Emotions
Annoyance and Anger ( CẢM THẤY KHÓ CHỊU, TỨC GIẬN )
These expressions describe the moment when someone “explodes” with anger and loses control.
These idioms describe when someone yells or speaks strong, angry words to you.
Use these phrases when someone becomes very upset. The second one is usually used for children... or an adult who is acting like a child!
This expression means the person got irritated or annoyed.
This means something irritated or annoyed you; it gave you a bad impression.
This idiom describes someone who, in general, is easily annoyed or offended.
If something “tries your patience,” it means it annoys you and makes it difficult for you to stay calm and patient.
Boredom, Frustration & Desperation ( CHÁN NẢN, THẤT VỌNG )
These are expressions to exaggerate the fact that you were VERY bored.
This idiom also means you were so bored, that you were desperate to escape the situation.
Use this phrase to describe intense frustration.
These expressions mean that you were SO frustrated, that you were desperate – you were at the end of your patience and felt like you had no good options.
Fear, Embarrassment, Worry ( XẤU HỔ, LO LẮNG )
This is a way to exaggerate how much something scared/frightened you.
This means it makes you feel uncomfortable and a little bit scared.
This idiom means you felt uncomfortable in a particular social situation
This expression means you are so embarrassed or ashamed, you couldn’t make eye contact.
Both of these idioms are creative ways to describe nervousness. “My legs turned to jelly” can also be used for fear.
Sadness ( BUỒN BÃ )
This means somebody is very sad, very depressed.
This means someone is a little bit sad.
This is a way to say someone is crying a lot, or crying very intensely.
This expression describes the moment when you start to become sad – like when you receive a piece of bad news.
This describes the heavy feeling you get in your throat when you might start to cry.
Those were a lot of idioms! Today’s exercise is to practice the expressions with the worksheet below – use it to write your own sentences with the phrases.
Lesson 41 Worksheet
Complete the sentences with your own experiences! For example: “The last time I was walking on air was... when I got a raise in my salary because of my excellent work.”
The last time I was walking on air was...
The last time I was tickled pink was...
Right now, I'm pumped for/to...
The last time I was having a blast was...
Something that meant the world to me was...
The last thing that took a huge weight off my mind was...
The last time I flew off the handle was...
The last time someone else bit my head off was...
The last time one of my kids (or friends' kids) threw a temper tantrum was...
Something that rubs me the wrong way is...
One thing that really tries my patience is...
The last time I was bored to death was...
The last time I was at my wits' end was...
One thing that gives me the creeps is...
One time I felt like a fish out of water is...
The last time I had butterflies in my stomach was...
One time I was down in the dumps was...
The last time I cried my eyes out was...
One time when my heart sank was...
One time when I got a lump in my throat was...